- Hormonal changes or imbalance
- Excess sebum production
- Family history of Acne
- Polycystic ovary syndrome
Acne, known medically as Acne Vulgaris, is a skin disease characterized by red spots on the surface and beneath the skin. This skin condition is caused by an excess of sebum, the oily substance produced by glands found at the base of hair follicles. When these glands produce too much sebum, the follicles become plugged with dead skin cells, debris, and P. acnes bacteria, resulting in spots and inflammation. With the right expertise, care, attention and the latest technologies many people see an improvement and reduction of acne and acne scarring.
For most people, acne is a temporary skin concern that goes away on its own at some stage in the early to mid-twenties. Yet, for others, particularly women, acne will continue as a persistent, relentless problem into adult life. What’s more, those who were afflicted with severe acne during adolescence or early adulthood may also have to live with a constant reminder in acne scarring. Acne and acne scarring can be controlled with carefully selected aesthetic treatments.
Acne symptoms can vary from mild to severe, with mild acne generally treatable easier.
Teenagers get acne because of the hormonal changes that come with puberty. In many case acne is genetic – if you have family history of acne it’s more likely that you will get it too. The good news is that, for most people, acne goes away almost completely by the time they are 20.
Most common type of acne is acne vulgaris. It usually shows up on the face, neck, shoulders, upper back, and chest.
So how does acne develop? The pores in our skin contain sebaceous glands, which produce oil that lubricates hair and skin. Most of the time, the sebaceous glands make the right amount of sebum. As the body begins to mature and develop, though, hormones stimulate the sebaceous glands to make more sebum. this leads to pores to become clogged with too many dead skin cells. Bacteria (especially one called Propionibacterium acnes) can then get trapped inside the pores and multiply. This causes swelling and redness — the start of acne.
Acne can manifest in the form of whiteheads (pore gets clogged up and closes but bulges out from the skin), blackheads (pore gets clogged up but stays open, the top surface can darken) and nodules (infected lumps or cysts that are bigger than usual spots and can be painful to touch).
At Aesthetics Lab we provide combination treatment plans to treat and control acne. We will also prescribe homeware products so you can carry on your treatment at home or while you are away. Here are some helpful self-help techniques to reduce inflammation and outbreaks: