- Hereditary concerns – pigmentation can run in families
- Contraceptive pill
- Sun exposure and sun bed use
Our skin gets its colour from a pigment called melanin, which is made by melanocytes cells. Pigmentation occurs when these cells become damaged or unhealthy. Excessive sun exposure, age, medication and hormones are the main causes of pigmentation. Pigmentation can occur on the face, hands, arms and chest and may at times be difficult to treat.
From sunspots to melasma, pigmentation is a skin condition in which overproduction of melanin causes brown or grey patches to develop on the skin.
Pigmentation mainly affects the face (cheeks, forehead, nose, and jawline). It is possible for age or sun spots to develop in other areas including hands, forearms, neck and chest.
Generally, pigmentation becomes more apparent in the summer months, easing in the winter, with it darkening in response to sun exposure. Age or sun spots, hyperpigmentation, melasma and other conditions of this kind are benign and do not pose a risk to health but can be quite distressing.
As with a number of skin conditions, pigmentation is more likely to occur in women than in men, although it is not a condition to discriminate. It affects each of the sexes and all races around the globe. That said, typically, pigmentation is more problematic for individuals with darker skin.
While it may look and feel it from time to time, sun spots, hyperpigmentation, and melasma are not skin infections and cannot be passed from person to person.
While pigmentation is harmless, sufferers may find the aesthetic aspect of the condition rather upsetting. Aesthetics Lab’s treatments can significantly reduce the appearance of pigmentation. You should also try to: